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英语动词不定式语义不同(to do和doing)

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1 stop to do(停现在做的去做另一件事) stop doing(停止正在做某事)

2 forget to do(忘记去做某事) forget doing(忘记做了某事)

3 remember to do(记得要去做某事) remember doing(记得做过某事)

4 regret to do(遗憾做某事) regret doing(遗憾做了某事)

5 cease to do cease doing

6 try to do(努力做某事) try doing(试着做某事)

7 go on to do(继续去做某事) go on doing(继续做某事)

8 afraid to do(担心做某事) afraid doing(担心正在做的事)

9 interested to do(对做某事感兴趣) interested doing(对正在做的感兴趣)

10 mean to do(打算做某事) mean doing(做某事很有意义)

11 begin/ start to do(开始去做某事) begin/ start doing(开始做某事)

forget doing/to do

forget to do 忘记要去做某事。 (未做)

forget doing 忘记做过某事。 (已做)

The light in the office is stil on. He forgot to turn it off.办公室的灯还在亮着,他忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作)

He forgot turning the light off.他忘记他已经关了灯了。 ( 已做过关灯的动作)

Don't forget to come tomorrow.别忘了明天来。 (to come动作未做)

remember doing/to do

remember to do 记得去做某事 (未做)

remember doing 记得做过某事 (已做)

Remember to go to the post office after school.记着放学后去趟邮局。

Don't you remember seeing the man before?你不记得以前见过那个人吗?

regret doing/to do

regret to do 对要做的事遗憾。 (未做)

regret doing 对做过的事遗憾、后悔。 (已做)

I regret to have to do this,but I have no choice.我很遗憾必须这样去做,我实在没有办法。

I don't regret telling her what I thought.我不为告诉她我的想法而后悔。

cease doing/to do

cease to do 长时间,甚至永远停做某事。

cease doing 短时停止做某事,以后还会接着做。

That department has ceased to exist forever.那个部门已不复存在。

The girls ceased chatting for a moment when their teacher passed by.姑娘们在老师走过时,停了会聊天。

try doing/to do

try to do 努力,企图做某事。

try doing 试验,试着做某事。

You must try to be more careful.你可要多加小心。

I tried gardening but didn't succeed.我试着种果木花卉,但未成功。

go on doing/to do

go on to do 做了一件事后,接着做另一件事。

go on doing 继续做原来做的事。

After he had finished his maths,he went on to do his physics.做完数学后,他接着去做物理。

Go on doing the other exercise after you have finished this one.作完这个练习后,接着做其他的练习

be afraid doing/to do

be afraid to do 不敢,胆怯去做某事,是主观上的原因不去做,意为“怕”;

be afraid of doing 担心出现doing的状况、结果。doing 是客观上造成的,意为“生怕,恐怕”。

She was afraid to step further in grass because she was afraid of being bitten by a snake.

她生怕被蛇咬着,而不敢在草丛中再走一步。

She was afraid to wake her husband.她不敢去叫醒她丈夫。

She was afraid of waking her husband.她生怕吵醒她丈夫。

be interested doing/to do

interested to do 对做某事感兴趣,想了解某事。

interested in doing 对某种想法感兴趣,doing 通常为想法。

I shall be interested to know what happens.我很想知道发生了什么事。(想了解)

I'm interested in working in Switzerland. Do you have any idea about that

我对在瑞士工作感兴趣。你想过这事吗? (一种想法)

mean doing/to do

mean to do 打算、想

mean doing 意味着

I mean to go,but my father would not allow me to.我想去,但是我父亲不肯让我去。

To raise wage means increasing purchasing power.赠加工资意味着增加购买力。

begin(start) doing/to do

begin / start to do sth

begin / start doing sth.

(1) 谈及一项长期活动或开始一种习惯时,使用doing.

How old were you when you first started playing the piano你几岁时开始弹钢琴?

(2) begin,start用进行时时,后面动词用不定式to do

I was beginning to get angry。我开始生起气来。

(3) 在attempt,intend,begin,start 后接know,understand,realize这类动词时,常用不定式to do。

I begin to understthe truth。

我开始明白真相。

(4) 物作主语时

It began to melt.