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常用不规则动词表

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常用不规则动词表

1.AAA

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

现在分词

词义

broadcast

broadcast

broadcast

~

广播.播放.播送

burst

burst

burst

~

爆炸.突然发作

cost

cost

cost

~

花费

cut

cut

cut

cutting

割,切

hurt

hurt

hurt

~

受伤

hit

hit

hit

hitting

打,撞

let

let

let

letting

put

put

put

putting

放下

read

read

read

~

rid

rid/ridded

rid/ridded

ridding

使摆脱.使去掉

set

set

set

setting

安排,安置

spread

spread

spread

~

展开,传播,涂

spit

spit/spat

spit/spat

spitting

吐痰,

shut

shut

shut

shutting

关上.停止营业

 

2.AAB

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

现在分词

词义

beat

beat

beaten

~

打败

 

3.ABA

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

现在分词

词义

become

became

become

becoming

come

came

come

coming

run

ran

run

running

overcome

overcame

overcome

overcoming

克服.战胜.征服

 

4.ABB

 

(1)在动词原形后加一个辅音字母d, t或ed构成过去式或过去分词。

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

现在分词

词义

burn

burnt/burned

burnt/burned

~

燃烧

deal

dealt

dealt

~

解决.处理.分配

dream

reamed/dreamt

dreamed/dreamt

~

做梦

hear

heard

heard

~

听见.听说

hang

hanged/ hung

hanged/ hung

~

绞死,悬挂

learn

learned/learnt

learned/learnt

~

学习

light

lit/lighted

lit/lighted

~

点燃, 照亮

mean

meant

meant

~

意思.意味.用意

prove

proved

proven/proved

proving

证明, 证实,试验

shine

shone/shined

shone/shined

shining

使照耀,使发光

show

showed

showed/shown

~

展示, 给...看

smell

smelled/smelt

smelled/smelt

~

闻, 嗅

speed

sped/speeded

sped/speeded

~

加速

spell

spelled/spelt

spelled/spelt

~

拼写

wake

waked/woke

waked/woken

waking

醒来,叫醒, 激发

 

(2)把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母“d”改为“t” 构成过去式或过去分词。

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

现在分词

词义

build

built

built

~

建筑

bend

bent

bent

~

弯曲.屈服

lend

lent

lent

~

借给

rebuild

rebuilt

rebuilt

~

改建, 重建

send

sent

sent

~

spend

spent

spent

~

花费

 

(3)原形→ought →ought

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

现在分词

词义

bring

brought

brought

~

带来

buy

bought

bought

~

fight

fought

fought

~

打架.战斗

think

thought

thought

~

思考,想

seek

sought

sought

~

寻找.追求.搜索

 

(4)原形→aught →aught

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

现在分词

词义

catch

caught

caught

~

捉,抓

teach

taught

taught

~

教.教授

 

(5)变其中一个元音字母

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

现在分词

词义

awake

awoke

awoke/awoked

awaking

唤醒.唤起

dig

dug

dug

digging

挖掘.钻研.搜集

feed

fed

fed

~

喂养.饲养

flee

fled

fled

~

逃避.逃跑.消失

find

found

found

~

发现,找到

get

got

got/gotten

getting

得到

hold

held

held

~

拥有.握住

lead

led

led

~

引导,领导

meet

met

met

~

遇见

sit

sat

sat

~

shoot

shot

shot

~

射击

spit

spit/spat

spit/spat

spitting

吐痰,

stick

stuck

stuck

~

刺入,粘住

strike

struck/stricken

struck

striking

撞击.冲击.罢工

win

won

won

winning

赢.获胜

 

(6)原形→□lt/pt/ft→□lt/pt/ft

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

现在分词

词义

feel

felt

felt

~

感到

keep

kept

kept

~

保持

leave

left

left

leaving

离开

sleep

slept

slept

~

睡觉

sweep

swept

swept

~

weep

wept

wept

~

哭泣.流泪.哀悼

 

(7)其它

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

现在分词

词义

lay

laid

laid

~

下蛋, 放置

pay

paid

paid

~

付款

say

said

said

~

说.讲.表示

stand

stood

stood

~

understand

understood

understood

~

明白

lose

lost

lost

losing

失去

have

had

had

having

有.持有.从事

make

made

made

making

制造.安排.构成

sell

sold

sold

~

tell

told

told

~

告诉

retell

retold

retold

~

重复.复述

wind

wound

wound

~

缠绕.转动.迂回

 

5.ABC

 

(1)原形→过去式→原形+(e)n

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

现在分词

词义

blow

blew

blown

~

吹风.喘气.叫

drive

drove

driven

driving

驾驶

draw

drew

drawn

~

画画.绘制.拖拽

eat

ate

eaten

~

fall

Fell

fallen

~

落下.跌倒

forbid

forbad/forbade

forbidden

forbidding

禁止.不许

give

gave

given

giving

给.提供.授予

grow

grew

grown

~

生长.种植

forgive

forgot

forgiven

forgiving

原谅, 饶恕

know

knew

known

~

知道

mistake

mistook

mistaken

mistaking

弄错; 误解,

overeat

overate

overeaten

~

(使)吃过量

prove

proved

proven/proved

proving

证明, 试验

take

took

taken

taking

拿.获得.接受

throw

threw

thrown

~

抛.扔.掷

ride

rode

ridden

riding

骑.乘车

see

saw

seen

~

看见.了解、领会

sew

sewed

sewn

~

缝制.缝合

show

showed

showed/shown

~

展示.出示.说明

shake

shook

shaken

shaking

摇动.震动

write

wrote

written

writing

(2)原形→过去式→过去式+(e)n

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

现在分词

词义

break

broke

broken

~

打破.打碎

choose

chose

chosen

choosing

选择

get

got

got/gotten

getting

得到

hide

hid

hidden

hiding

隐藏

forget

forgot

forgotten

forgetting

忘记.忽略

freeze

froze

frozen

freezing

冷冻.结冰

speak

spoke

spoken

~

说话.谈话.演讲

steal

stole

stolen

~

偷窃.窃取.偷盗

 

(3)变单词在重读音节中的元音字母“i”分别为“a”(过去式)和“u”(过去分词)

[i→a →u]                                   

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

现在分词

词义

begin

began

begun

beginning

开始

drink

drank

drunk

~

sing

sang

sung

~

sink

sank

sunk

~

下沉, 沉没

swim

swam

swum

swimming

游泳

ring

rang

rung

~

戒指.环围住

 

(4)其它

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

现在分词

词义

be(am,is,are)

was/ were

been

~

bear

bore

born/borne

~

负担, 忍受

do

did

done

~

fly

flew

flown

~

飞行

go

went

gone

~

lie

lay(lied)

lain(lied)

lying

躺.位于(说谎)

wear

wore

worn

~

穿

bite

bit

bitten

biting

咬.刺痛

tear

tore

torn

~

流泪.撕破.猛冲

 

注:“~”表示在动词原形后直接加ing