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初中虚拟语气

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一、词的语气

指我们平常说的说话人说话的口气。(在英语中,语气除了指语调以外,最主要的是通过动词发生变化而表示不同语气)

英语中的语气分为三类:

陈述语气(用于陈述句、疑问句、感叹句)

祈使语气(用于祈使句)

  虚拟语气(用于条件状语从句、宾语从句等)

二、虚拟语气

如果所说的不是事实,而是一种假设、愿望、建议或是一种实现不了的空想,就用虚拟语气。

三、虚拟语气在非真实条件状语从句中的用法

1、真实条件状语从句与非真实条件状语从句

 eg If he doesn't hurry up, he will miss the bus.( 真实条件状语)

 If he was free, he asked me to tell stories.(真实条件状语)

If I were you, I would go at once.(非真实条件状语从句)

If there was no air, people would die.(非真实条件状语从句)

2、虚拟语气在非真实条件状语从句中的用法及动词形式

① 表示与现在事实相反的情况

   If I were you, I'd take an umbrella.如果我是你,我会带把伞。

If I knew his telephone number, I would tell you.

如果我知道他的电话号码,我就会告诉你。(事实:不知道)

If there were no air or water, there would be no living things on the earth.

如果没有水和空气,地球上就不会有生物。(事实:地球上既有空气也有水)

   If I had any money with me, I could lend you some.

如果我带钱了,我就会借给你些。(事实:没带钱)

  If he studied harder, he might pass the exam.如果他在努力些,就能通过考试了。(事实:学习不用功)

 ②表示与过去事实相反的情况

从句谓语动词形式

主句谓语动词形式

Had+过去分词

Should/would/could/might+have+过去分词

从句

例句

主句

①wereIf+主语

② did

③were to do 

(①通常与一个表示时间状语连用)其 中were to do可能性最小,

should+动词原形。

If it rained tomorrow our picnic

would be put off.

假如那天下雨,我们的郊游就推迟。

 

 

主句+should/would /might/could+动词原形

 

 

(条件)从句谓语动词形式

主句谓语动词形式

谓语动词用过去式(be用were)

should/would/could/might+动词原形

eg  If I had got there earlier, I should/could have met her.

如果我早到那儿,我就会见到她。(事实:去晚了)

   If he had taken my advice, he would not have made such a mistake.

如果他听我的劝告的话,就不会犯这样的错误了。(事实:没有听我的话)

  ③表示对将来情况的主观推测(可能相反或可能性很小)

eg: If he would come here tomorrow, I should/would talk to him.

  如果他哪天来这儿的话,我就跟他谈谈。(事实:来的可能性很小)

  If there were a heavy snow next Sunday, we would not go skating.

  如果下周日下大雪,我们就不能去滑冰了,(事实:不知能否下雪)

If she were to be there next Monday, I would tell her about the matter.

如果她下周一来这儿的话,我就会告诉她这件事得始末。

四、虚拟语气的其他用法

1、虚拟语气用在wish 后的宾语从句

a、表示与现在事实相反的愿望,谓语动词用过去式

eg: I wish I had your brains.我希望我有你那样的头脑。(事实:我根本比不上你)

b、表示过去事实相反的愿望,谓语动词:had+v-ed

eg: I wish I had known the truth of the matter.我希望我原来知道这件事的真相。(事实:原来不知道)

c、表示将来难以实现的愿望

谓语动词:should/would + 动词原形

eg: I wish I should have a chance again.很难再有这样的机会了。(事实:很难再有这样的机会了)

②虚拟语气用在suggest(建议)、insist(坚持)、demand(要求)、order(命令)等动词后的宾语从句中。

在这种用法中,无论主句谓语动词为何种时态,从句的谓语动词都用:“should + 动

词原形”或只用“动词原形”。

如 He suggested

   He insisted

   He demand       that we (should) take the teacher's advice

   He ordered


 以 下是对 [初中虚拟语气] 的评论,总共:1条评论
lc*m    2018/1/8 20:41:46

讽德诵功是

1