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新目标九年级英语单元知识点、短语及句型总结之Unit 1

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Unit 1

一、知识点

1.Check in : 在旅馆的登记入住。       Check out: 在旅馆结账离开。

2.By: ①通过…..方式(途径)。例:I learn English by listening to tapes.

②在…..旁边。例:by the window/the door

③乘坐交通工具 例:by bus/car

④在……之前,到……为止。例:by October在10月前

⑤被      例:English is spoken by many people.

3.how与what的区别:

 how通常对方式或程度提问,意思有:怎么样 如何,通常用来做状语、表语。

 what通常对动作的发出者或接受者提问,意思为 什么,通常做宾语,主语。

①How is your summer holiday?  It's OK.(how表示程度 做表语)

②How did you travel around the world?  I travel by air.

③What do you learn at school?  I learn English, math and many other subjects.

① What…think of…?  How…like…?

② What…do with…?  How…deal with…?

③ What…like about…? How…like…?

④ What's the weather like today? How's the weather today?

⑤ What to do? How to do it?

e.g. What do you think of this book?=How do you like this book?

   I don't know what I should do with the matter.=I don't know how I should deal with it.

   What do you like about China?=How do you like China?

   I don't know what to do next step?=I don't know how to do it next step?

㊣ What good / bad weather it is today!(weather为不可数名词,其前不能加 a )

㊣ What a fine / bad day it is today!   (day为可数名词,其前要加 a )       

4. aloud, loud与loudly的用法 : 三个词都与"大声"或"响亮"有关。

   ①aloud是副词,重点在出声能让人听见,但声音不一定很大,

常用在读书或说话上。通常放在动词之后。aloud没有比较级形式。

如: He read the story aloud to his son.他朗读那篇故事给他儿子听。

②loud可作形容词或副词。用作副词时,常与speak, talk, laugh等动词连用,多用于比较级,须放在动词之后。如:

She told us to speak a little louder. 她让我们说大声一点。

③loudly是副词,与loud同义,有时两者可替换使用,但往往

含有令人讨厌或打扰别人的意思,可位于动词之前或之后。如: 

He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不当众大声谈笑。

5. voice 指人的嗓音 也指鸟鸣。

  sound 指人可以听到的各种声音。

  noise 指噪音、吵闹声

6. find + 宾语 + 宾补(名词 形容词 介词短语 分词等)

  例:I find him friendly.         I found him working in the garden.

We found him in bed.       He found the window closed.

We found her honest.

7. 常见的系动词有:

①是:am 、is、 are  

②保持:keep、 stay   

③ 转变:become、 get、 turn

④ ……起来 feel、 look、 smell、 taste、 sound

8. get + 宾语+宾补(形容词 过去分词 动词不定式) 使某种情况发生

例:Get the shoes clean. 把鞋擦干净  

Get Mr. Green to come. 让格林先生进来

I want to get my bike repaired. 我想去修自行车

You can't get him waiting. 你不能让他老等着

9. 动词不定式做定语

①与所修饰的名词构成主谓关系

The next train to arrive was from New York. He is always the first to come.

②与所修饰的名词构成动宾关系

I have nothing to say.              I need a pen to write with.

I need some paper to write on.       I don't have a room to live in.

10. practice , fun 做名词为不可数名词       

11. add 补充说 又说

12. join 加入某团体 并成为其中一员    attend 出席参加会议或讲座

   join in与take part in指参加到某项活动中去。

13.all、 both、 always以及every复合词与not连用构成部分否定。其完全否定为:all---none,   both---neither,  everything---nothing,     everybody---nobody.

14. be afraid of doing sth. / sth.害怕 be afraid of being alone

be afraid to do sth.害怕

be afraid that恐怕担心,表示委婉语气

15.either:①放在否定句末表示“也”           

②两者中的“任一”

③either…or…或者…或者.…引导主语部分,谓语动词按照就近原则

16.complete完成,是个较正式的词,后不能接动名词   

finish指日常事物的完成

17.a,an 与序数词连用表示“又一”,“再一”。

  例:Please give me a second apple.       There comes a fifth girl.

18.have trouble/difficult/problem (in) doing….. 干…..遇到麻烦,困难

19.unless  除非,如果不,等于“if not”本身就表示否定,引导条件状语从句,主句为将来时,条件状语从句用一般现在时表示将来。

  例:My baby sister doesn't cry unless she's hungry.

     =My baby sister doesn't cry if she isn't hungry.

Unless you take more care, you'll have an accident.    

如果你不多加小心的话,你会出事的。

20.instead: adv. 代替,更换。   

   例:We have no coffee, would you like tea instead? 

我们没有咖啡了,改喝茶好吗?

It will take days by car, so let's fly instead. 

开车去要好几天呢,咱们还是坐飞机吧。

Tom was ill, so I went instead.汤姆病了,所以换了我去。

instead of doing sth. 作为某人或某事物的替换

例:Let's play cards instead of watching TV. 

We sometimes eat rice instead of potatoes.

Give me the red one instead of the green one.

21.spoken 口头的,口语的。spoken English  口头英语     

speaking 讲话的,说某种语言的。Speaking skills讲英语的能力

22. 提建议的句子:

①What/ how about +doing sth.?  如:What/ How about going shopping?

   ②Why don't you + do sth.? 如:Why don't you go shopping?

   ③Why not + do sth. ?      如:Why not go shopping?      

   ④Let's + do sth.           如: Let's go shopping

   ⑤Shall we/ I + do sth.?     如:Shall we/ I go shopping?

23. a lot 许多  常用于句末 如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多。

24. too…to 太…而不能  常用的句型 too+adj./adv. + to do sth.

如:I'm too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想说。

25. not …at all 一点也不  根本不  如:

I like milk very much. I don't like coffee at all.

我非常喜欢牛奶。我一点也不喜欢咖啡。

    not经常可以和助动词结合在一起,at all 则放在句尾

26.be / get excited about sth.

=== be / get excited about doing sth.  

=== be excited to do sth. 对…感兴奋 如:

   I am / get excited about going to Beijing.===

   I am excited to go to Beijing. 我对去北京感到兴奋。

27. ① end up doing sth    终止做某事,结束做某事  如:

    The party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而结束。

   ② end up with sth.    以…结束 如:

    The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。

28. first of all 首先

.  to begin with 一开始

   later on 后来、随

29. also 也、而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中间

    either 也(用于否定句)常在句末

    too  也 (用于肯定句)   常在句末=as well

30. make mistakes 犯错

   mistake sb. for …把……错认为……

   make mistakes (in) doing sth. 在干某事方面出错

   by mistake 错误地;由于搞错

   mistake---mistook----mistaken

如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错。

    I mistook him for his brother.我错把他认成了他的哥哥。

make a mistake 犯一个错误 如: I have made a mistake.

我已经犯了一个错误。

31. laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑(某人)

如:Don't laugh at me!不要取笑我!

32. take notes 做笔记,做记录

33. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…乐意做… 如:

   She enjoys playing football. 她喜欢踢足球。

   enjoy oneself  过得愉快 如:He enjoyed himself. 他过得愉快。

34. native speaker 说本族语的人

35. one of +(the+ 形容词比较级)+名词复数形式  …其中之一

如: She is one of the most popular teachers. 她是最受欢迎的教师之一。

36. It's +形容词+(for sb. ) to do sth. (对于某人来说)做某事…

   如:It's difficult (for me ) to study English.对于我来说学习英语太难了。

    句中的it 是形式主语,真正的主语是to study English

37. practice doing 练习做某事   如:

   She often practice speaking English. 她经常练习说英语。

38. decide to do sth. 决定做某事 如:

   LiLei has decided to go to BeiJing . 李雷已经决定去北京。

39. deal with 处理 如:I dealt with a lot of problem.

40. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/ 某事

   如:Mother worried about his son just now. 妈妈刚才担心他的儿子。

41. be angry with sb. 对某人生气 如:

   I was angry with her. 我对她生气。

42. perhaps === maybe 也许

43. go by (时间) 过去 如: Two years went by. 两年过去了。

44. see sb. / sth. doing 看见某人正在做某事 强调正在发生

see sb. / sth. do    看见某人在做某事 如:

 如: She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom.她看见他正在教室里画画。

45. each other 彼此

46. regard… as … 把…看作为….  如:

 The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜。

47. too many 许多 修饰可数名词 如:too many girls

too much 许多 修饰不可数名词 如:too much milk

    much too 太  修饰形容词   如:much too beautiful

48. change… into… 将…变为… 

如:The magician changed the pen into a book. 这个魔术师将这本书变为一本书。

49. with the help of sb. == with one's help 在某人的帮助下

   如:with the help of LiLei == with LiLei's help 在李雷的帮助下

50. compare … to … 把…与…相比 

如:Compare you to Anna, you are lucky.你和安娜相比,你是幸运的。

二、短语:

1.by making flashcards 通过做单词抽认卡    

2. ask…for help 向某人求助

3.read aloud 朗读          

4.that way (=in that way) 通过那种方式

5.improve my speaking skills 提高我的会话技巧

6.for example (=for instance)例如

7.have fun 玩得高兴                    

8.have conversations with friends 与朋友对话

9.get excited 高兴,激动                

10.end up speaking in Chinese 以说汉语结束对话

11.do a survey about… 做有关…的调查 

12.keep an English notebook 记英语笔记

13.spoken English (= oral English) 英语口语    

14.make mistakes  犯错误

15.get the pronunciation right 使发音准确     

16.practise speaking English 练习说英语     

17.first of all 首先      

18.begin with 以…开始

19.later on随后                           

20.in class在课堂上

21.laught at 嘲笑                        

22.take notes 记笔记

23.enjoy doing 喜欢干…                  

24.write down 写下,记下

25.look up (v + adv) 查找,查询           

26.native speakers 说本族话的人

27.make up 编造,虚构,化妆,打扮      

28.around the world 全世界

29.deal with 对待,处理,解决

30.worry about (be worried about) 担心,担忧

31.be angry with 生某人的气              

32.stay angry 生气

33.go by 消逝                            

34. regard…as… 把…当做…

35.complain about/of 抱怨      

36. change…into… 把…变成… (= turn into)

37.with the help of 在…的帮助下

38. compare…to (with)…  把…和…作比较

39.think of (think about) 想起,想到   

40.physical problems身体上的问题

41.break off 中断,突然终止           

42. not…at all 根本不,全然不

三、句子

1.How do you study for a test? 你怎样为考试做准备?

2.I have learned a lot that way. 用那种方法,我已经学到了很多东西。

3.It's too hard to understand the voice. 听懂那些声音太难了。

4.Memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little.

记流行歌曲的词也起作用。

5. Wei Ming feels differently. 卫明有不同的感受。

6.He finds watching movies frustrating. 他觉得看电影让人感到沮丧.

7.She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all.

她又说和朋友对话根本没用。

8.I don't have a partner to practice English with.

我没有搭档一起练习英语。

9.Later on, I realized that it doesn't matter if you don't understand every word.随后,我认识到听不懂每个词并没有关系。

10.It's amazing how much this helped. 我惊异于这些方法竟如此有用。

11.My teacher is very impressed. 给老师留下了深刻的印象。

12.She had trouble making complete sentences. 她很难造出完整的句子。

13.What do you think you are doing? 你在做什么?

14.Most people speak English as a second language.

英语对于大多数人来说是第二语言。

15.How do we deal with our problem? 我们怎样处理我们的问题?

16.It is our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge in our education with the help of our teachers. 在老师的帮助下尽我们最大的努力来应对挑战是我们的责任。

He can't walk or even speak.他无法走路,甚至无法说话