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凸显文章亮点常用方法

【 来源:梦塔网络 作者:mt56.com 编录:mt56  加入收藏  点击数(0) 已有0人评论

写作时,如果仅局限在把内容交代清楚的水准上,只选用一些普通的、直截了当的词,或一律使用简单句平铺直叙,那么,这样写出来的文章就会像一碗白开水,呆板、单调,没有可读性。要使文章耐人寻味,有深度,同学们就应尝试使用一引起高级词汇或句型,以凸显文章的亮点,使文章增添文采,给读者(尤其是阅卷留下深刻印象)。具体说来,同学们可尝试以下方法:

一、灵活改变句子开头

在通常情况下,英语句子的排列方式为“主语+谓语+宾语”,即主语位于句子开头。但若根据情况适当改变句子的开头方式,比如使用倒状语或以状语开头等,会使文章增强表现力。如:

1. There stands an old temple at the top of the hill.

→ At the top of the hill there stands an old temple.

在小山顶上有一座古庙。

2. You can do it well only in this way.

→ Only in this way can you do it well.

只有这样你才能把它做好。

3. A young woman sat by the window.

→ By the window sat a young woman.

窗户边坐着一个年轻妇女。

4. The door opened and Mr Smith came in.

→ The door opened and in came Mr Smith.

门开了,史密斯先生走了进来。

二、避免重复使用同一词语

为了使表达更生动,更富表现力,同学们在写作时应尽量避免重复使用同一词语来表示同一意思,尤其是一些老生常谈的词语。如有的同学一看到“喜欢”二字,就会立刻想起like,事实上,英语中表示类似意思的词和短语很多,如 love, enjoy, prefer, appreciate, be fond of, care for等。如:

1. I like reading while my brother likes watching television.

→ I like reading while my brother enjoys watching television.

三、合理使用省略句

合理恰当地使用省略句,不仅可以使文章精练、简洁,而且会使文章更具文采和可读性。如:

1. He may be busy. If he’s busy, I’ll call later. If he is not busy, can I see him now?

→ He may be busy. If so, I’ll call later. If not, can I see him now?

他可能很忙,要是这样,我以后再来拜访。要是不忙,我现在可以见他吗?

2. If the weather is fine, we’ll go. If it is not fine, we’ll not go.

→ If the weather is fine, we’ll go. If not, not.

如果天气好,我们就去;如果天气不好,我们就不去了。

3. She could have applied for that job, but she didn’t do so.

→ She could have applied for that job, but she didn’t.

她本可申请这份工作的,但她没有。

四、适当运用非谓语结构

非谓语结构通常被认为是一种高级结构,适当运用非谓语结构,会给人一种熟练驾驭语言的印象。如:

1. When he heard the news, they all jumped for joy.

→ Hearing the news, they all jumped for joy.

听了这消息他们都高兴得跳了起来。

2. As I didn’t know her address, I wasn’t able to get in touch with her.

→ Not knowing her address, I wasn’t able to get in touch with her.

由于不知道她的地址,我没法和她联系。

3. As he was born into a peasant family, he had only two years of schooling.

→ Born into a peasant family, he had only two years of schooling.

他出生农民家庭,只上过两年学。

五、结合使用长句与短句

在英语写作中,过多地使用长句或过多地使用短句都不好。正确的做法是,根据实际情况在文章中交替使用长句与短语,使文章显得错落有致,这样不仅使文章在形式上增加美感,而且使文章读起来铿锵有力。如:

At noon we had a picnic lunch in the sunshine. Then we had a short rest. Then we began to play happily. We sang and danced. Some told stories. Some played chess.

→ At noon we had a picnic lunch in the sunshine. After a short rest, we had great fun singing and dancing, telling jokes and playing chess.

中午我们晒着太阳吃野餐。休息一会儿后,我们唱的唱歌,跳的跳舞,还有的讲笑话、下棋,大家玩得很开心。

六、适当使用短语代替单词

1. He has decided to be a teacher when he grows up.

→ He has made up his mind to be a teacher when he grows up.

他已决定长大了当老师。

2. He doesn't like music.

→ He doesn't care much for music.

他不大喜欢音乐。

3. Sometimes I met Jane in the supermarket.

→ Sometimes I came across Jane in the supermarket.

有时我在超级市场碰见简。

4. He told me that the question was now under discussion.

→ He told me that the question was now being discussed.

他告诉我问题现正正在讨论中。

七、恰当套用某些固定表达

1. He was very tired. He couldn’t walk any farther.

→ He was too tired to walk any farther.

他太累了,不能再往前走了。

2. The film was very interesting. Both the teachers and the students liked it.

→ The film was so interesting that both the teachers and the students liked it.

这电影很有趣,学生和老师都很喜欢。

3. Your son is old. He can look after himself now.

→ Your son is old enough to look after himself now.

你的儿子已经长大,可以自己照顾自己了。

八、综合使用各类所谓的“高级”结构

1. Now everyone knows the news. I think Jim must have let it out.

→ Now everyone knows the news. I think it must have been Jim who has let it out.

现在人人都知道这消息了,我想一定是吉姆把它泄露出去的。

2. We had to stand there to catch the offender.

→ What we had to do was (to) stand there, trying to catch the offender.

我们所能做的只是站在那儿,设法抓住违章者。

3. If her pronunciation is not better than her teacher’s, it is at least as good as her teacher’s.

→ Her pronunciation is as good as, if not better than, her teacher’s.

如果她的语音不比她的老师好的话,至少也不会比她老师的差。

九、适当使用名言警句点缀

在写作时根据实际情况恰当地用上一两句名言警句来点缀文章,不仅使文章显得有深度、有智慧,而且会让文章在评分中上一个“得分档次”。通常在写作中用得着的名言警句有:

1. A life without a friend is a life without a sun. 人生没有朋友,犹如人生没有太阳。

2. A friend is earlier lost than found. 朋友易失不易得。

3. A contented mind is perpetual feast. 知足常乐。

4. A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难见知己。

5. Actions speak louder than words. 事实胜于雄辩。

6. A good medicine tastes bitter.良药苦口。

7. A man can do no more than he can.量力而行。

8. Better early than late. 宁早勿迟。

9. Early to bed, and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. 早睡早起是人健康、富裕、聪明。

10. Early sow, early mow. 早耕耘,早收获。

11.Experience is the name everyone gives to their mistakes. 经验是人们加给自己所犯错误的名称。

12. Every advantage has its disadvantage. 有利必有弊。

13. Every little makes a nickel. 积少成多。

14. Example is better than precept. 言传不如身教。

15. Fortunate never helps the man whose course fails. 运气永远不会帮助没有勇气的人。

16. Failure teaches success. 成功乃失败之母.

17. God helps those that help themselves. 天助自助者。

18. Honesty and diligence should be your eternal. 诚实和勤奋是你永久的朋友。

19. Honesty is the best policy. 诚实为上策。

20. Haste makes waste. 欲速则不达。

21. Health is better than wealth. 健康胜于财富。

22. It is never too late to learn. 学习永远不嫌晚。

23. Look before you leap. 三思而后行。

24. Love makes one fit for any work. 热爱令人胜任任何工作。

25. No pains, no gains. 不劳无获。

26. Practice makes perfect. 熟能生巧。

27. Rome is not built in a day. 罗马非一日之功。

28. Science to the human mind is what air or water is to the body.   科学对于人类思想正如水和空气对于身体。

29. Self-trust is the first secret of success. 自信是成功的第一秘诀。

30. Something attempt, something done. 有尝试就有收获。

31. Seeing is believing. 眼见为实。

32. To read without reflecting is like eating without digesting. 学而不思犹如食而不化。

33. Time waits for no man. 时不我待。

34. Things done can not be undone. 覆水难收。

35. The world is bound no man. 世界不受制于任何人。

36. There is only one success to be able to spend your life in your own way. 只有一种成功,那就是以自己的方式度过一生。

37. Virtue and trade are the best portion for children. 德行和一门技能是给孩子的最好的遗产。

38. Where there is a will, there is a way.有志者事竟成。

39. Well begun is half done. 良好的开端是成功的一半。

40. When at Rome, do as the Romans do. 入乡随俗。