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初中英语最重要的100个基础句型

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1. want to do sth 想做某事

2. want sb to do sth 想让某人做某事

3. be different from 与......不同

4. be the same as 与……相同

5. be friendly to sb 对某人友好

6. welcome to sp 欢迎来到某地

7. What’s the matter withsb/sth?某人/某物出什么毛病了?

What’s the matter withyour watch?

8. what to do 做什么

We don’t know what to donext.

9. let sb do sth 让某人做某事

10. let sb not do sth 让某人不做某事

♥11. why don’t you do sth?你怎么不做某事呢?

Why don’t you play footballwith us?

12. why not do sth?怎么不做某事呢?

Why not play football with us?

13. make sb sth 为某人制造某物

14. make sth for sb 为某人制造某物

15. What do you mean by doing sth?你做……是什么意思

What do you mean by doing that?

16. like doing sth 喜爱做某事

17. like to do sth 想去做某事

He doesn’t like to swim now.

18. feel like doing sth 想要做某事

19. would like to do sth 想要做某事

Would you like to go rowing with me?

20. would like sb to do sth 想要某人做某事

I’d like you to staywith me tonight.

♥21. make sb do sth 使某人做某事

22. let sb do sth 让某人做某事

23. have sb do sth 使某人做某事

You shouldn’t have the studentswork so hard.

24. be far from sp 离某地远

25. be near to sp 离某地近

26. be good at sth/doing sth 擅长某事/做某事

27. It takes sb some time to do sth 做某事花费某人多长时间

28. sb spends some time/money (in )doing sth 某人花一些时间/钱做某事

I spent twenty years(in)writing thenovel.

我花了20年写这部小说。

29. sb spends some time/money on sth 某人花一些时间/钱在某事/物上

吉姆花了1000元买这辆自行车。

30. sth costs sb some money 某物花了某人一些钱

这辆行车花了吉姆1000元。

♥31. sb pays some money for sth 某人为某物付了一些钱

吉姆花了1000元买这辆自行车。

32. begin/start sth with sth 伴随......开始做某事

33. be going to do sth 打算做某事

34. call A B 叫A B

35. thank sb for sth/doing sth 感谢某人做某事

36. What…for?为什么?

What do you learn English for?

37. How/ what about doing sth?做某事怎么样?

How about going fishing?

38. S +be+ the+最高级+of/in短语

39. S + be +比较级+than any other +n

40. have to do sth 不得不/必须做某事

♥41. had better do sth 最好做某事

You’d better studyEnglish hard.

42. had better not do sth 最好别做某事

You’d better not stayup.

43. help sb to do sth 帮助某人做某事

44. help sb do st 帮助某人做某事

45. help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事

46. make it +时间把时间定在......

Let’s make it 8:30.

让我们把时间定在8:30吧。

47. take sb to sp 带某人到某地

49. have nothing to do (with sb)与某人没有关系

50. 主语+ don’t think + 从句......认为……不……

I don’t think it will raintomorrow.

♥51. It’s + adj + for sb todo sth 做某事对某人来说怎么样

52. How + adj/adv + 主+ 谓!......多么…...啊!

How beautiful the flower is!

53. what + a/an + adj + [c] + 主+ 谓!

What an beautiful flower it is!

54. What + adj+ pl/[u] +主+ 谓!

What bad weather it is today!

55. find it + adj + to do sth 发现做某事如何

56. ask sb for sth 向某人要某物

57. need to do sth 需要做某事

58. need sth 需要某物

I don’t need your money.

59. use sth to do sth 用某物来做某事

60. show sb sth 给某人看某物

♥61. show sth to sb 把某物给某人看

62. pass sb sth 把某物递给某人

63. pass sth to sb 把某物递给某人

64. buy sb sth 为某人买某物

65. buy sth for sb 为某人买某物

66. give sb sth 把某物给某人

67. give sth to sb 把某物给某人

68. get to sp 达到某地

5月1日早晨我到了北京。

69. arrive at/in sp 达到某地

5月1日早晨我到了北京。

70. reach sp 达到某地

5月1日早晨我到了北京。

♥71. hope to do sth 希望某人做某事

72. there is sth wrong with sth/sb 某物/某人出毛病了

73. sth is wrong with……某物出毛病了

74. How do you like sth?你认为……怎么样

How do you like Beijing?

75. What do you think of sth?你认为……怎么样?

What do you think of Beijing?

76. start doing sth 开始做某事

我在1983年开始学习英语。

77. start to do sth 开始做某事

78. finish doing sth 完成做某事

79. enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事

80. what else…别的什么

What else do you want to buy?

♥81. forget doing sth 忘记做过某事(已做)

I forgot turning off the lights. Look,it is darkin the room.

82. forget to do sth 忘了做某事(未做)

I forgot to turn off the lights. Couldyou go back shut them off?

83. remember doing sth 记得做过某事(已做)

84. remember to do sth 记住做某事(未做)

85. stop to do sth 停下来去做另一件事

86. stop doing sth 停止正在做的事

87. watch/see/hear sb do sth 观看/看见/听见某人做了某事

88. watch/see/hear sb doing sth 观看/看见/听见某人在做某事

89. go on doing sth 继续做同一件事

90. go on to do sth 继续做另一件事

♥91. go on with sth 继续某事

92. say hello/goodbye to sb 向某人打招呼/告别

93. be busy doing sth 忙于做某事

94. be interested in sth 对某事感兴趣

95. tell sb to do sth 让某人做某事

96. ask sb to do sth 请某人做某事

97. call/ring sb up 给某人打电话

98. be ready to do sth 准备好做某事

99. go doing sth 去做某事

Let’s go fishing.

100. prefer(doing)A to(doing)B 比起(做)B来更喜欢(做)A