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定语从句中THE ONE该怎么用

【 来源:梦塔网络 作者:mt56.com 编录:mt56  加入收藏  点击数(0) 已有0人评论

定语从句中THE ONE该怎么用?先看两个试题:

1、Is this museum ___you visited that day? 
   Is this the museum ____you visited that day? 
   A. where    B. that     C. which     D .the one 
1、The book I bought last week is not the same ___I borrowed from the library. 
   The book I bought last week is quite different from ___I borrowed from the library. 
   A .like      B. which     C. as      D. the one

1、这样的题目我们可以先把它变成肯定句,然后看句子成分 
     this museum is _____you visited that day? 
     从句子结构看,is 后边缺少表语,而visit 后边缺少宾语,这样这个句子很显然是缺少两个成分,you visited that day很显然是做定于从句,所以前边要有中心词,这个中心词应该是the museum, 因为前边已经出现了,所以用the one 来代替,作the museum得同位语,同时作为you visited that day的中心词 
     而第二句话因为句式有区别:this is the museum that you visited that day ,所以已经有the museum 做表语和中心词,所以选that /which 又因为做宾语,所以也可以省略,什么都不填